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- Location: Luohe, Henan Province, China
- Project Type: Renewable energy – Landfill Gas
- Annual GHG Emissions Reduction: 41,558 t CO2e
- Project Standard: CDM
- Project IDs: CDM 5238
- Project Status: Registered and with issuance of CDM CERs
China has environmental regulations in place to deal with the management of landfills and to encourage utilization of landfill gas (LFG). However, due to a lack of environmental technology know-how, in China the municipal refuse is mainly still disposed using the technology of traditional landfill, without consideration of recovery and utilization of landfill methane.
It is estimated that the annual quantity of municipal refuse filled is about 50 million tons. As nearly all landfills – except several recently built new landfills – are not equipped with landfill gas recovery mechanisms, enormous amounts of landfill methane are emitted into the atmosphere.
The Luohe MSW Landfill Site LFG Recovery to Power Project aims to recover and destroy landfill gas generated at the municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill site in Luohe city, Henan province (China). The collected LFG will be used for electricity production.
The Luohe city landfill area #1, started operation in 2004 and has a capacity of 2.4 million tons of solid waste. It is expected to run for a total of 15 years, till 2019. Degassing pipelines have been installed on the landfill site for safety reasons only and since no LFG collection and/or destruction facilities existed prior to the project activity, the baseline scenario without the project envisaged the release of LFG directly into the atmosphere.
The project will employ a gas collection, transmitting and pretreatment system as well as gas engines with a capacity of 2 MW. The recovered LFG will be combusted in the gas engines to produce electricity which will be fed into the Central China Power Grid (CCPG) afterwards. GHG emission reductions will be claimed from both methane recovery and the replacement of fossil fuel based electricity.
It is estimated that in the 10 years crediting period the project with 2MW engine capacity would destroy 15,638 tons of methane and replace electricity 102,229 MWh, thus 415,582 tCO2e emissions could be reduced.