Luohe Landfill Gas CDM Project

Luohe Landfill Gas CDM Project

Landfill gas recovery for power generation

Climate action project development

Key facts

  • Location
    Luohe, Henan Province, China
  • Project Type
    Renewable energy – Landfill Gas
  • Annual GHG Emissions Reduction
    41,558 t CO2e
  • Project Standard
  • Project IDs
  • Project Status
    Registered and with issuance of CDM CERs


China has environmental regulations in place to deal with the management of landfills and to encourage utilization of landfill gas (LFG). However, due to a lack of environmental technology know-how, in China the municipal refuse is mainly still disposed using the technology of traditional landfill, without consideration of recovery and utilization of landfill methane.

It is estimated that the annual quantity of municipal refuse filled is about 50 million tons. As nearly all landfills – except several recently built new landfills – are not equipped with landfill gas recovery mechanisms, enormous amounts of landfill methane are emitted into the atmosphere.

Project Description

The Luohe MSW Landfill Site LFG Recovery to Power Project aims to recover and destroy landfill gas generated at the municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill site in Luohe city, Henan province (China). The collected LFG will be used for electricity production.

The Luohe city landfill area #1, started operation in 2004 and has a capacity of 2.4 million tons of solid waste. It is expected to run for a total of 15 years, till 2019.  Degassing pipelines have been installed on the landfill site for safety reasons only and since no LFG collection and/or destruction facilities existed prior to the project activity, the baseline scenario without the project envisaged the release of LFG directly into the atmosphere.

The project will employ a gas collection, transmitting and pretreatment system as well as gas engines with a capacity of 2 MW. The recovered LFG will be combusted in the gas engines to produce electricity which will be fed into the Central China Power Grid (CCPG) afterwards. GHG emission reductions will be claimed from both methane recovery and the replacement of fossil fuel-based electricity.

It is estimated that in the 10 years crediting period the project with 2MW engine capacity would destroy 15,638 tons of methane and replace electricity 102,229 MWh, thus 415,582 tCO2e emissions could be reduced.

Services provided

  • Pre-feasibility Study
  • Registration under CDM
  • Monitoring and Issuance of carbon credits

Sustainable development goals MORE DETAILS

Good Health and Well-being

Good Health and Well-being

This LFG project destroy LFG which contains H2S, resulting in unbearable odours, so that the living conditions of the neighbourhood are improved.
Affordable and Clean Energy

Affordable and Clean Energy

The produced electricity obtained from recovered LFG improves the supply with clean energy in Henan province at low cost.
Decent Work and Economic Growth

Decent Work and Economic Growth

The project has created around 15 new jobs for locals during construction and operation of the power plants. Further to that, the project enhances safety conditions as it reduces potential dangers of fire and explosion on the landfill sites by recovering LFG.
Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

By promoting LFG recovery and utilization, the project provides a successful demonstration project for this technology in China.
Climate Action

Climate Action

During the 10 years crediting period, the project will destroy 15,638 tons of methane and replace 102,229 MWh of electricity otherwise generated via fossil fuel combustion: this results in a potential GHG reduction of approximately 416,000 tCO2e.

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