The rural areas in Sichuan Province are among the poorest in China. The average annual per capita income in rural Sichuan is approximately 500 Euro, and the province contains 43 counties that have been officially defined as “national poverty counties” in order to qualify for economic assistance from the government.
The situation is now even worse, due to the heavy 2008 earthquake in Sichuan that claimed the lives of nearly 70,000 people and left another 4.8 million homeless. An estimated 12 million animals of productive livestock were also killed during the devastating event.
UPM’s Sichuan Biogas Programme of Activities (PoA) targets up to one million poor Sichuan farm households, installs efficient biogas digesters, and provides technical service for project equipment on their premises. These proven and reliable systems reduce methane emissions originating from the widely used animal manure storage pits and provide participating households with clean biogas for cooking, heating, and lighting.
The project provides reimbursement payments of CER revenues to farmers that otherwise could not afford the digester system despite an existing national Chinese subsidy scheme. This enables recipients to raise the necessary capital and start construction. The project also supports the development of certified technical service providers for the digester systems through the Rural Energy Offices in Sichuan and provides the project households with free annual maintenance service and on-demand technical support.
The combined reductions of methane emissions originating from the pits and carbon dioxide emissions from common household use of coal and wood will create a projected overall emissions reduction of approximately 20,000,000 tCO2e for the entire PoA over the programme lifetime.
|Project type:||Household Biogas|
|Location:||Sichuan Province, China|
|Methodology:||AMS III.R, AMS I.C|
|Carbon Standard||CDM, Gold Standard|
|UNFCCC Reference Number||2898|
|DOE||TUEV Nord CERT|
|Status||GS CERs issued|
|Number of included households||1,000,000|
|Annual CERs||200 CPAs, 11,000 CERs/CPA|
The use of biogas digesters and stoves has several advantages beyond GHG emissions reduction when compared to current prevailing habits of manure pit storage below animal confinements and the use of coal and/or firewood as cooking fuel. Specifically, the use of digesters in rural environments can benefit community members by:
• reducing the time spent by women collecting firewood or travelling to purchase fuel,
• reducing the amount of household income spent on cooking fuel,
• improving indoor air quality and sanitation systems
• providing high-quality fertilizer and
• creating jobs for biogas digester distributors and technical experts.
The project area is located in selected national poverty counties of China’s Sichuan Province, such as Yibin and Zitong.
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For further information on this project, please contact us in our offices in Munich or Beijing, or use the contact form on the right side of the page.